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India's new Ballistic Missile Submarine
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sabya99
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 13, 2013 1:08 am    Post subject: India's new Ballistic Missile Submarine Reply with quote

INS Aridhaman is the second Arihant class submarine.[7][8][9] She is the second nuclear-powered Ballistic Missile submarine being built by India.[10] She is being built under the Advanced Technology Vessel (ATV) project to build indigenous nuclear submarines at the Ship Building Centre in Visakhapatnam.[1] She is the second indigenous nuclear submarine built by India and also the second built outside the P5 nations.[11]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/INS_Aridhaman

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arihant_class_submarine
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PostPosted: Tue Jun 18, 2013 10:26 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

great news!
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 04, 2013 4:58 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

First home made SSBN INS Arihant : http://youtu.be/k6dCS0z-o4E K-5 submarine launch ballistic missile system : http://youtu.be/Ef7AdDS2v1A http://youtu.be/b3fCy9T2cDE Sub surface launched Sagarika missile : http://youtu.be/GCgnLhe6hJ4
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 11, 2013 5:37 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

N-sub ready for sea trials
- PM praises ‘giant stride’ in home-grown technology


http://www.telegraphindia.com/1130811/jsp/frontpage/story_17219880.jsp

New Delhi, Aug. 10: The miniature reactor of India’s nuclear submarine reached “criticality” — that is, became capable of fully powering the vessel — early today, a development that the Prime Minister said “represents a giant stride in the progress of our indigenous technological capabilities”.
With the reactor of the INS Arihant now alive, India is a step closer to achieving its nuclear “triad” — the ability to launch nuclear weapons from land, from the air and from under the sea.
India’s nuclear doctrine of “no first strike” requires its strategic establishment to acquire a massive second-strike capability. The INS Arihant is such a platform in the making.
A nuclear submarine can “loiter” underwater for months, unlike the 14 diesel-electric submarines that the navy currently operates. The diesel-electric submarines have to surface every few hours, which makes them more detectable by the enemy.
The navy is also operating the INS Chakra nuclear submarine, which it has leased from Russia for 10 years. However, the Chakra is nuclear-powered but not capable of firing nuclear weapons.
The 6,000-tonne Arihant (Sanskrit for “destroyer of enemies”) is still at its base in Visakhapatnam, which is the base for all the navy’s submarines, but is set to go into sea trials within days.
Defence scientists expect the submarine to be ready for commissioning in two years after all its systems — propulsion, torpedoes, missile launch and survivability — have been tested.
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PostPosted: Wed Aug 14, 2013 6:35 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Submarine sinks after blasts, 18 navymen missing

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/submarine-sinks-after-blasts-18-navymen-still-missing/article5020065.ece?homepage=true&ref=relatedNews

Navy Chief does not rule out the possibility of a sabotage but says, “Indications so far do not support such a theory”
In one of the worst disasters to have struck the Indian Navy, a series of explosions rocked its submarine INS Sindhurakshak at the dockyard in Mumbai around midnight, sinking it partially in the shallow sea, in which 18 personnel including three officers are feared killed.
A smaller intensity explosion was followed by two massive blasts, causing a major fire in the Russian-made submarine, Admiral D.K. Joshi, Chief of Naval Staff told reporters after visiting the dockyard in Colaba.
Admiral Joshi, who accompanied Defence Minister A.K. Antony, did not rule out the possibility of a sabotage but said, “Indications so far do not support such a theory.”
The diesel-electric submarine was commissioned into the Indian Navy 1997 at a cost of around Rs. 400 crore and had gone through a Rs. 450-crore extensive upgrade in Russia.
With the 18 navy personnel still missing nearly 17 hours after the mishap, he said, “While we can hope for the best, we have to be prepared for the worst.
“Miracles do happen. There might be air-pockets (to aid their survival). We know that so much time has gone by,” he said.
Admiral Joshi said three other personnel who were on board the vessel but not inside, jumped to safety but were too shocked to make a statement.
A board of inquiry has been constituted to probe the reason behind the blasts and it is expected to submit its report within four weeks, he said.
Divers from the navy, Admiral Joshi said, have been able to cut through the vessel, as all hatches had fused due to the fire, and were looking for the missing personnel, but without any success so far.
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PostPosted: Thu Aug 15, 2013 6:20 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Sindhurakshak tragedy: A mother loses hope of seeing her son again

http://www.rediff.com/news/report/sindhurakshak-tragedy-a-mother-loses-hope-of-seeing-her-son-again/20130815.htm

When the news of INS Sindhurakshak mishap broke out, a mother was hopeful that her son, on board the ill fated submarine, would survive. But as time passes, she is losing all hope, reports Prasanna D Zore.

Captain Nikhilesh Pal, who celebrated his 35th birthday two weeks ago, was on board the ill-fated INS Sindhurakshak submarine, confirmed his mother to her neighbours who met her on Wednesday.
His mother, who stays in Malad, a north Mumbai suburb, also told her neighbours that Nikhilesh was recently promoted to the rank of a Captain. His elder brother, who works in England, joined the grieving family at 2 am on Thursday morning.

Captain Pal's brother told Rediff.com that the family is in no position to speak about the tragedy at this moment. "We are grieving," the brother said without elaborating much. He also did not reveal if the Navy had communicated anything to the family about the fate of their son.
"Please excuse us."
Captain Pal's mother told her neighbours that she had hopes about her son's survival and of all those on board the submarine when the news first broke out. However, as time passed she said she lost all hope about her son being alive.
"Mera beta toh chala gaya (My son is gone)”is what she is saying repeatedly.
“She is extremely shocked,” said one of the three neighbours, who are in touch with the family.
All three neighbours requested their identity should not be revealed.
These neighbours said Captain Nikhilesh Pal is unmarried and has been with INS Sindhurakshak submarine “for quite some time”.
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PostPosted: Thu Aug 15, 2013 6:21 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

10 worst submarine mishaps this century
August 14, 2013 A slide show:

http://www.rediff.com/news/slide-show/slide-show-1-photos-10-worst-submarine-mishaps-this-century/20130814.htm
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PostPosted: Thu Aug 15, 2013 10:00 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Crew trapped in exploding sea coffin

http://www.telegraphindia.com/1130815/jsp/frontpage/story_17234585.jsp

Mumbai, Aug. 14: The Indian Navy was shaken by its most crippling peacetime blow when a submarine was ripped apart by blasts and sank at the dockyard here past midnight with all of its 18 crew members feared dead.
Operational-level officers at the Western Naval Command told The Telegraph that the explosion in the INS Sindhurakshak occurred when a detonator of a newly synergised Klub-S missile was being fitted.
The deaths have not yet been officially confirmed, because, as the navy chief, Admiral D.K. Joshi, said: “Miracles happen.”
The Russian-made and refurbished INS Sindhurakshak, a Kilo-class submarine, turned into an explosive, watery coffin after a fire in a compartment near its nose triggered blasts from warheads and deadly material meant for an enemy.
The three deafening blasts that ripped apart the INS Sindhurakshak could be heard over a 2km radius, including parts of south Mumbai. An enormous fireball rose from the submarine, leaping dozens of metres into the air.
“Submarine mishaps are usually catastrophic,” said Joshi. ( more in The Telegraph ).
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PostPosted: Fri Aug 16, 2013 12:09 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

List of 18 Officers and Sailors who are aboard the Ill fated sub. May god help them.

S No. Name of Officers Rank
01 NIKHILESH PAL LTCDR
02.ALOK KUMARLTCDR
03.R VENKITARAJLTCDR
S No.Name of SailorsRank
04.SANJEEV KUMARPO UW I
05.KC UPADHYAYPO UW I
06.TIMOTHY SINHAPO UW I
07.KEWAL SINGHLS UC I
08.SUNIL KUMARSEA I UW III
09.DASARI PRASAD MECH(R) 2
10.LIJU LAWRENCE LEMP
11.RAJESH TOOTIKAL ME
12.AMIT K SINGH STD I
13.ATUL SHARMA SEA I
14.VIKAS E SEA I
15.NARUTTAM DEURI ME I
16.MALAY HALDAR EMR II
17.VISHNU V RO II
18.SEETARAM BADAPALLI LS RP I
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PostPosted: Fri Aug 16, 2013 12:11 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

sabya99 wrote:

Operational-level officers at the Western Naval Command told The Telegraph that the explosion in the INS Sindhurakshak occurred when a detonator of a newly synergised Klub-S missile was being fitted.


I really doubt this. Generally work of this nature is carried out during the day and at a remote place so that if something happens, there is minimal damage.
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PostPosted: Fri Aug 16, 2013 2:55 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

How to build a nuclear submarine

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vkNhBC9lrcU

VT-ASJ
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PostPosted: Fri Aug 16, 2013 5:11 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Mr.Shukla and Aseem, thanks for posting.

An interview with chief nuclear reactor designer of INS Arihant Mr. Basu : http://youtu.be/ybu-M7Llwpo
Arihant’s nuclear reactor goes critical : http://youtu.be/WXzoLbdj3Tk
Analysis and comments on induction of INS ARIHANT : http://youtu.be/D2WBiTbLaiY , http://youtu.be/CusZdaF1U84
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PostPosted: Fri Aug 16, 2013 5:17 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

shivendrashukla wrote:
sabya99 wrote:

Operational-level officers at the Western Naval Command told The Telegraph that the explosion in the INS Sindhurakshak occurred when a detonator of a newly synergised Klub-S missile was being fitted.


I really doubt this. Generally work of this nature is carried out during the day and at a remote place so that if something happens, there is minimal damage.


Yes, you are right. But what such a fully armed boat was doing near heavily populated BOM backyard.Western Naval command should disperse its naval assets to other places in Maharastra coast.How the official knew that it was an explosion of Klub-S missile and not a torpedo which is generally unstable.
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PostPosted: Fri Aug 16, 2013 5:47 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

sabya99 wrote:
Mr.Shukla and Aseem, thanks for posting.

An interview with chief nuclear reactor designer of INS Arihant Mr. Basu : http://youtu.be/ybu-M7Llwpo
Arihant’s nuclear reactor goes critical : http://youtu.be/WXzoLbdj3Tk
Analysis and comments on induction of INS ARIHANT : http://youtu.be/D2WBiTbLaiY , http://youtu.be/CusZdaF1U84


heart warming to see the likes of Maroof Raza and Brahma Chellany being invited instead of arguing goofs you normally see.
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PostPosted: Fri Aug 16, 2013 6:59 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

sabya99 wrote:

Yes, you are right. But what such a fully armed boat was doing near heavily populated BOM backyard.Western Naval command should disperse its naval assets to other places in Maharastra coast.How the official knew that it was an explosion of Klub-S missile and not a torpedo which is generally unstable.


Dr Ganguly, AFAIK and with my limited knowledge, let me hazard a guess. All the torpedo and missiles are stored in an inert state and made "Live" only at the very last moment, just to prevent this kind of catastrophe. The warhead is not fused and no electrical charge is strong enough to detonate the warhead. So it seems very unlikely that it was an accidental detonation.

Navy is in the process of commissioning a new base in Karwar, which will house majority of western fleet from Mumbai.
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PostPosted: Sat Aug 17, 2013 5:54 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Echoes from Russia

http://www.telegraphindia.com/1130817/jsp/nation/story_17240173.jsp

New Delhi, Aug. 16: Top submariners in the Indian Navy are seeing a parallel between a disaster that downed a Russian vessel, the Kursk, in 2000 and the sinking of the INS Sindhurakshak this week.
The INS Sindhurakshak is an EKM887 Russian-origin Kilo-class submarine that returned from a refit in Russia on April 29 this year. All 18 crew in the submarine are feared to be dead. An investigation is expected to give its report in four weeks, navy chief Admiral D.K. Joshi has said.
The Kursk, which used to be a much larger submarine, went down with its entire crew of 118. A nuclear-powered submarine that was part of the Russian Navy’s Northern Fleet, it sank during exercises in the Barents Sea on August 12, 2000.
It was initially suspected by the Russians to have been involved in a collision with a US submarine that was monitoring the war games.
But two years later, the Russians came out with a report that said the most likely cause of the sinking of the Kursk was an explosion caused by a Type 65-76 torpedo within the submarine’s armaments chamber.
Like the Sindhurakshak for the Indian Navy, the Kursk was also one of Russia’s most modern submarines. Both were products of the Russian central design bureau “Rubin”.
The Sindhurakshak’s arsenal included recently-fitted Klub-S class missiles (also called “Sizzler” by Nato) capable of hitting targets on the surface — both on land and in sea — about 200km away. It was also equipped with Type 53 torpedoes.
Primarily meant for an anti-submarine and anti-ship role, the Sindhurakshak’s torpedoes are propelled by a compressed mixture of oxygen and kerosene. The warhead is powerful enough to knock out a medium-sized warship. Torpedoes are fired in salvos.
The Sindhurakshak was capable of carrying 18 torpedoes and missiles. The weapons were being loaded for the submarine that was being readied for an operational deployment in the morning.
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PostPosted: Sat Aug 17, 2013 9:33 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

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PostPosted: Mon Aug 19, 2013 10:28 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Submarine blasts due to possible ignition of armament: Antony

http://www.deccanherald.com/content/351967/submarine-blasts-due-possible-ignition.html

Preliminary investigations have indicated that blasts on INS Sindhurakshak submarine were caused by "possible ignition" of armament, Defence Minister A K Antony told Rajya Sabha today.

In wake of the incident, the Navy has ordered extensive checks on weapon-related safety systems on all its submarines, he said in a suo motu statement on the submarine accident in Mumbai last week.

The Minister also pointed out that the "rapidity and intensity of the explosions and the resultant damage to the submarine indicate that the 18 personnel on board would not have survived."

"Preliminary investigations indicate that the explosion was due to the possible ignition of armament. The cause of ignition is, however, yet to be established. Forensic examination would throw more light into the possible cause of ignition," Antony said.
He said this would be possible only after the "partially submerged" submarine is afloat and dewatered. "A Board of Inquiry with all relevant specialists has been constituted to investigate the likely causes of the accident at the earliest."

After the accident, the Navy has ordered an audit of Standard operating Procedures (SOPs) on all operational submarines and extensive checks on the weapon-related safety systems, the Defence Minister said.

He said as the "explosion and resultant damage were near instantaneous, the 18 personnel could not evacuate. Although full details are yet to emerge, the rapidity and intensity of explosion and resultant damage sustained by the submarine indicate that the personnel would not have survived."

Antony said globally-renowned salvage agencies have been approached and they are undertaking survey for salvage operations.

"There is also an offer of help from Russia, where the refit and upgrade of the submarine had been undertaken," he said.

The Defence Minister said the submarine is presently resting on its bottom and "partially submerged" next to the jetty where the incident took place.

"Diving operations by the Navy are in progress round the clock to attempt search for the personnel, assess the damage and also attempt to arrest leakages and ensure dewatering," he said.

The divers from Navy have entered the submarine but their access has remained limited to only some parts of the submarine due to heavy damage and flooding of compartments with obstructions from debris and structural distortions, Antony said.

The Minister said breaches have been indicated in the "watertight integrity in the forward portion of the submarine hull" after inserting high pressure air as part of efforts to identify possible areas of water ingress.

"Efforts have been made to dewater the flooded compartments using high capacity pumps. However, there has been no discernible change in the water level inside the submarine, indicating likelihood of ingress of water through openings due to structural damage," Antony said.

On the support for families of the submarine's duty crew inside the submarine at the time of accident, he said, "I would like to assure that all support, assistance and counselling will be provided to families of all personnel. A family cell has been formed at the Western Naval Command."

"We convey our deepest condolences to the families of Navy personnel who have made the supreme sacrifice in the line of duty," the Minister said
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PostPosted: Tue Aug 20, 2013 12:42 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

More about Indian Navy :
http://youtu.be/ZyRVuCKiCDE Indian Navy.
http://youtu.be/i0FJ-coOINQ Weapons of Indian Navy.
http://youtu.be/FQewIhkubqQ Surface ships of Indian Navy.
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PostPosted: Tue Aug 20, 2013 4:38 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

India can currently deploy only 7-8 submarines against enemy forces

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/India-can-currently-deploy-only-7-8-submarines-against-enemy-forces/articleshow/21922166.cms

NEW DELHI: If India goes to war today, it will have just seven to eight aging conventional submarines to deploy against enemy forces. This deeply blunts the country's underwater combat edge against Pakistan, which already has five relatively new conventional submarines and is angling to get six more advanced vessels from China. Beijing, of course, is leagues ahead with 47 diesel-electric submarines and eight nuclear-powered ones.

The INS Sindhurakshak disaster last week, which blew a big hole in the Indian Navy's operational capabilities, has further compounded the problems. Defence minister A K Antony admitted in Parliament on Monday that "extensive checks on weapon-related safety systems and audit of standard operating procedures (SOPs) on all operational submarines have been ordered''.

The minister also confirmed the "explosion" on board INS Sindhurakshak was due to the "possible ignition of armament'' in the vessel's forward section. TOI had last week reported that "inadvertent mishandling of ammunition'' on the submarine, which was all set to leave on an extended patrol with a full weapons load of 18 cruise missiles and torpedoes, had emerged as the most probable reason behind the sinking of the over 2,500-tonne submarine.

"The cause of ignition is, however, yet to be established. Visual and forensic examination would throw more light on the possible cause of ignition. This will be possible only after the submarine is afloat and de-watered,'' said Antony.

The minister, however, did not dwell upon the fact that the Navy is left with only 13 aging diesel-electric submarines - 11 of them over 20 years old — due to political and bureaucratic apathy in pushing long-delayed submarine construction projects under his watch.

Four of the 13 submarines - nine Kilo-class of Russian origin and four HDW of German-origin — are undergoing "a long refit'' to extend their operational lives. "Two kilo-class or Sindhugosh series submarines are at Hindustan Shipyard Ltd at Visakhapatnam, while two HDW or Shishumar-class vessels are at the Mumbai naval dockyard for the long refits," said a source.

The Navy does have one nuclear-powered submarine INS Chakra, taken on a 10-year lease from Russia last year, but it's not armed with nuclear-tipped missiles due to international treaties. INS Chakra can serve as a deadly `hunter-killer' of enemy submarines and warships with its 300-km range Klub-S land-attack cruise missiles as well as other missiles and advanced torpedoes.

Pakistan Navy, incidentally, is the first force in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) to have submarines equipped with air-independent propulsion (AIP) in the shape of three French Agosta-90B vessels.

Conventional submarines have to surface every few days to get oxygen to recharge their batteries. Bu those fitted with AIP can stay submerged for much longer periods to significantly boost their stealth and combat capabilities, somewhat narrowing the gap with nuclear-powered submarines.

India, however, has even dithered in taking a decision to fit AIP in the last two of the six French Scorpene submarines being constructed for over Rs 23,000 crore at Mazagon Docks under "Project-75'', which is already running four years behind the original 2012-17 induction schedule. The first Scorpene will be delivered only by November 2016.

Similarly, the new programme, "Project-75India'', to construct six advanced stealth submarines, armed with both land-attack missile capabilities and AIP, is yet to even take off despite being granted "acceptance of necessity'' way back in November 2007. It will take over a decade for the first submarine to roll out under this project worth well over Rs 50,000 crore.
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PostPosted: Sun Sep 01, 2013 5:54 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Sindhurakshak disaster: Gun salute at home for slain sailor in Bengal

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kolkata/Sindhurakshak-disaster-Gun-salute-at-home-for-slain-sailor-in-Bengal/articleshow/22194649.cms

DURGAPUR: Navyman Malay Haldar, who died in the Sindhurakshak submarine disaster, was cremated with military honours in Durgapur on Saturday morning.

At 1.30pm, Navy pallbearers brought the coffin to the sailor's house in DPL Colony, where relatives, friends and local residents paid their respects. An hour later, it was taken to Birvananpur burning ghat and cremated with gun salute.

Commodore Ravi Ahluwalia, naval officer in charge of Bengal, handed a cheque of Rs 30 lakh to Malay's family.

Malay's teachers were present at the cremation. So were agriculture minister Moloy Ghatak, Durgapur mayor Apurba Mukherjee and SDO Kasturi Sengupta.

Malay's father Mrinal Haldar said, "I have no words to express my feelings. At least, I could perform the last rites of my son according to the Hindu religion."

Subhajit Mukherjee, a neighbour, said that Malay had promised to come home for his birthday on December 12. "We all had been waiting anxiously for the last few days after the DNA sample test was conducted. Later, it was confirmed that the remains belonged to Malay," he added.

Malay had joined the Navy a year back and was selected for submarine training which began on August 5. On June 29, he had left home for Mumbai to join the submarine electrical department.
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PostPosted: Fri Sep 06, 2013 10:26 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

INS Chakra , nuke submarine from Russia : http://youtu.be/9hGp1cAD0l8

Arihant class SSBN: http://youtu.be/gGHgo_gZUm4

Sindhughosh class ( Kilo ) submarine ,internal layout: http://youtu.be/tzhSkU2vC1c
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PostPosted: Wed Sep 11, 2013 6:10 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Bodies of two INS Sindhurakshak officers brought to Assam

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/bodies-of-two-ins-sindhurakshak-officers-brought-to-assam/article5116724.ece?homepage=true

Bodies of the two naval officers from Assam, who were in the Indian Navy’s kilo-class submarine INS Sindhurakshak which sank at the naval dockyard in Mumbai on August 14 after explosion, were brought to their home state here on Wednesday.
Naval Engineer Narottam Deuri’s body was received at the Gopinath Bardoloi International Airport at Borjhar here with honour by Navy, Army and Air force officials on Wednesday. It will be sent to his home at Narayanpur in Lakhimpur district by road for the last rites on Thursday.
The body of the other naval personnel Petty Officer Timothy Sinha, attached to the Underwater Unit 1, was received in his native place Silchar by Cachar district administration for the last rites on Wednesday.
At Borjhar, the ethnic Deuri Jatiya Sangathan and Deuri Students Union strongly protested the absence of state government ministers or officials to receive Deuri’s body.
Accusing Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi and civil organisations of dishonouring the naval officer who sacrificed his life for the country and state by their absence, the Deuri organisations claimed that no proper vehicle but only an ambulance was sent by the government to take the body to its native place.
The bodies of the two crew members recovered from the sunken submarine were so badly charred that the Navy identified them after conducting DNA tests with samples from their families, official sources said.
Deuri had joined the Indian Navy in 2010 and was posted in Mumbai last year, while Timothy had joined INS Sindhurakshak in July last after graduating from Cachar College in his hometown Silchar.
The submarine had sunk on August 14 last after multiple blasts in Mumbai naval dockyard that claimed the lives of 18 navy personnel there.
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PostPosted: Sun Sep 15, 2013 6:20 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Latest on INS Sindhuraksak ; http://youtu.be/nnVrNM9iJcI . What went wrong : http://youtu.be/B7XFEXQojaw The lost submarine's last video ; http://youtu.be/ThvE19cqiPE
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PostPosted: Mon Sep 16, 2013 10:20 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Sindurakshak tragedy

Analysts point out that the navy’s submarine arm has taken a hit with the recent explosion on the Sindurakshak, which killed the 18-member crew, and may have caused irreparable damage to the vessel. Admiral Sinha said that 11 bodies have so far been removed from the submarine, and the identity of nine has been established through DNA tests.
The process of salvaging the vessel has commenced. The submarine has to first become floatable, so that weapon and ammunition experts can further probe the cause of the disaster. All the platforms in the vicinity of the stricken submarine are safe.
http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/india-signals-intent-to-deepen-gulf-ties-with-visit-of-four-warships/article5134912.ece
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PostPosted: Wed Dec 04, 2013 2:05 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Sindhurakshak: 4 months on, navy divers still look for bodies

http://www.rediff.com/news/report/sindhurakshak-4-months-on-navy-divers-still-look-for-bodies-1/20131203.htm

Nearly four months after submarine INS Sindhurakshak sank following a huge explosion and fire in Mumbai, navy divers are still looking for bodies of missing sailors in the wreckage of the warship.

"We have not stopped the search operation, our divers are still at the job. We are trying to find out if human remains can be found", said Vice-Admiral Shekhar Sinha, chief of Western Naval Command.
On August 14, a huge explosion rocked the Russian-made Kilo-class submarine, commissioned in 1997, leading to the frontline warship's sinking in what was seen as a major dent in the Indian Navy's firepower capability.
Eighteen Navy personnel, including three officers, were on board at the time of the mishap. Till now only 11 bodies have been recovered.
An inquiry was ordered by the government in the tragedy, but its details are not yet known. Recalling the exercise undertaken by the Navy post the disaster, Sinha said a rescue operation was immediately launched by a team of divers, who had rehearsed with a similar type of submarine.
"They were made to operate in zero visibility and then sent for rescue operation."
Once the submarine was lost, the navy invoked the emergency clause of 'battle war casualty' and got the Principal Director of Naval Insurance to issue cheques to the families of the personnel killed in the tragedy, he said.
"All formalities related to payment of ex-gratia and other benefits were completed in 90 days", added Sinha. Speaking about salvage operation, Sinha said bids received from three shortlisted companies were being currently examined to undertake the exercise to extricate the submarine.
Immediately after the Sindhurakshak disaster, the navy did an audit of all other submarines, their loaded weapons and the crew manning them, the officer said.
"We have to do a chemical analysis to find the cause of the explosion. We have to find out if it was an accident or some (human) mistake. We have to get to the root.
To a query, Sinha said the government was in the process of buying two more submarine rescue vessels. On depleting number of submarines, he admitted the induction programme has not kept pace and the first indigenous warship will be available only in 2016.
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PostPosted: Tue Dec 31, 2013 8:32 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

China to Sell Bangladesh 2 Submarines
In a move certain to unnerve India, Beijing will sell Dhaka two Ming-class submarines for $203.3 million.


By Zachary Keck
December 22, 2013

http://thediplomat.com/2013/12/china-to-sell-bangladesh-2-submarines/

Bangladesh has finalized a deal to purchase two Ming-class submarines from China, according to a report in the local New Age newspaper.
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina first announced that the country was interested in purchasing submarines back in January, as part of a broader plan to modernize its military. At the time, she did not specify which country Bangladesh would be purchasing the submarines from, but military officials told media outlets that it was in negotiations with China.
The New Age report said that the deal, which is waiting for final approval from the Finance Ministry, for the two submarines was worth $203.3 million. It would be paid by Bangladesh during the fiscal year 2017-2018, with the submarines being delivered in 2019. Seventeen Bangladeshi sailors are being trained to operate the submarines, the report said, presumably in China.
The New Age report said that the Bangladesh Navy had purchased land in Kutubdia Island where it planned to construct a submarine base.
Ming-class submarines (Type 035) are diesel-electric powered submarines based off of the Romeo-class submarines that the Soviet Union built in the 1950s. The Ming-class submarines, however, feature a number of improvements over the obsolete Soviet models. The specific variant that Bangladesh is purchasing, Type 035G, is the most recent and last Ming-class submarine. China built six of them between 1997 and 2001, according toGlobal Security.
Hasina has made building a “three dimensional navy” a top priority for the country. In January she declared: “We will build a modern three-dimensional navy for future generations which will be capable of facing any challenge during a war on our maritime boundary.”
Bangladesh’s decision to purchase the submarines from China is unsurprising as Dhaka has long relied heavily on Beijing for military equipment. In 2012, it was the second largest market for Chinese arms exports behind Pakistan.
Still, the move has deeply unsettled Bangladesh’s neighbor India, who is concerned about Chinese influence in South Asia and the Indian Ocean. News of the submarine negotiations between Bangladesh and China had already led India’s Eastern Naval Command to seek a larger presence in the Bay of Bengal, The Times of Indiareported earlier this month.
The newspaper quoted a senior Indian defense official as saying:
“Why would Bangladesh need submarines? This decision by the government there and the ongoing strife in the country is a matter of concern for us. We also suspect that Chinese submarines are sneaking into Indian territorial waters in the Bay of Bengal region, though none has been detected as yet. This is reason enough for greater naval presence in the region. At the moment, India isn’t really prepared for any conflict in the Bay of Bengal region near West Bengal due to the lack of adequate infrastructure.”
The report went on to describe a number of infrastructure upgrades India’s Navy is making in the area, primarily land it is looking into purchasing on Sagar Island. These include building a new port. Also in West Bengal, India is constructing a Unmanned Aerial Vehicle base in the city of Kolkata.
Bangladesh has long-standing maritime border disputes with India and Burma in the Bay of Bengal. The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea International Court decided the Bangladesh-Burmese dispute in Dhaka’s favor last year.
Meanwhile, in 2009 Bangladesh instituted proceedings against India over the dispute in the UN’s Permanent Court of Arbitration. The hearing took place this month, from December 9th through December 18th. A decision is expected sometime next year.
Comment: Why would Bangladesh needs to spend $ 203 million for old subs when its hungry people are sneaking to India for good life!
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PostPosted: Sun Jan 19, 2014 7:57 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Armed sub scare

http://www.telegraphindia.com/1140119/jsp/nation/story_17840446.jsp#.UtvefPso7Gg

Mumbai, Jan. 18: An Indian Navy submarine loaded with missiles and torpedoes has run aground five months after a disastrous accident on board a berthed one.
The latest mishap occurred during low tide on Friday evening as the kilo-class vessel — the first of the 10 Sindhughosh-class submarines owned by the navy — hit the ground while returning to the naval dockyard after a patrol.
By the early hours of Saturday, all personnel aboard had been rescued. By afternoon, the submarine had been tugged back onshore.
“As many as 70 men were on board and the submarine was fully armed at the time of the incident. The incident occurred around 6pm on Friday and as soon as we got to know about it, a chill ran down our spine — memories of the horrific August 14 (2013) accident returned,” said a naval officer in Mumbai. In the accident in August, 18 sailors had died.
The submarine that ran aground was under the command of Capt. Subhash Chandra. “Initial reports say that there was misjudgement about the time of the tide and depth of water in the harbour,” said a naval source.
A naval spokesperson in Mumbai denied that any such incident took place.
But top naval officials confirmed to The Telegraph that the submarine, due to enter the naval dockyard around 4pm on Friday afternoon, got delayed and ran aground while trying to enter the harbour in low tide.
The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation listed the timing for peak high tide on January 17 at 1254 hours to the height of 3.80 metres after which the tide began falling and it was at its lowest of 0.74m at 1847 hours.
“There has been some damage to the submarine’s sonar system and hull but the damage is superficial. The submarine is in operational condition,” said the naval source.
The same submarine was involved in an accident with a merchant vessel in January 2008 during a fleet-level war game off Mumbai.
“That accident had happened because of a malfunction in the sonar system while the submarine was at periscope level. It had damaged the boat’s conning tower,” said the source.
India had a fleet of 10 Sindhughosh-type submarines — it now has nine after the accident in August.
INS Sindhurakshak — another submarine of the Sindhughosh class — was destroyed after a implosion when ordnance was being loaded on August 14. Fitted with anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare capabilities, these submarines were the first ones to be commissioned into the Indian Navy.
All Sindhughosh-class submarines were built under a contract between Rosvooruzhenie and the Indian defence ministry. The submarines of this class are able to operate solo for 45 days with a crew of 53.
The total complement of personnel is 68-70, including seven officers. The submarine is 73 metres long with a beam of 10 metres.

Comment: What is the point of using BOM harbor as sub staging area? There must be other places on the west coast where subs could be parked and serviced.Biggest asset of undersea service is stealth and this will be lost if they operate from BOM harbor!
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PostPosted: Mon Jan 20, 2014 12:00 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

sabya99 wrote:
Comment: What is the point of using BOM harbor as sub staging area?
My guess is 1. existing infrastructure for maintenance and servicing, 2. the need to protect Mumbai, and 3. excessive infrastructure costs for a new establishments, especially in areas which do not have nice natural harbours, and 4. might there be a few others which we civilians do not have common knowledge about?
Cheers, Sumantra.
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PostPosted: Mon Jan 20, 2014 3:03 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

sabya99 wrote:

Comment: What is the point of using BOM harbor as sub staging area? There must be other places on the west coast where subs could be parked and serviced.Biggest asset of undersea service is stealth and this will be lost if they operate from BOM harbor!


Sir, Apart from the reasons bought out by Sumantra Sir, Karwar on the western coast is being developed for precisely these reasons. When the harbor will be completed, it will be the largest Naval base in India.
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PostPosted: Tue Jan 21, 2014 7:25 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

INS Arihant to undergo sea trials soon

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/ins-arihant-to-undergo-sea-trials-soon/article5601955.ece?homepage=true

India’s first indigenously built nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine, INS Arihant would be going to sea trials within “a few weeks or months” as its preliminary harbour acceptance trials are over and various systems, including nuclear propulsion, have proceeded satisfactorily and as per the time schedule.
The submarine would undergo sea trials, during which all the systems, including its ballistic missiles, would be tested before it is finally commissioned into the Indian Navy, Assistant Chief of Naval Staff Rear Admiral L.V.S. Babu, said here on Tuesday.
Incidentally, INS Arihant, which is the lead ship of India's Arihant-class of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines, would also figure on the Indian Navy tableaux at this year’s Republic Day Parade.
The sub-surface ballistic nuclear missile (SSBM) submarine would be “indigenously designed, built, operationalised and maintained,” said Rear Admiral Babu, adding that “there were no hiccups in the progress of harbour trials” at Vishakhapatnam. Once the sea trials, which would test the capability of various systems in real deep sea scenario, are over the Navy would announce its arrival, he said, as it would be a “stabilising force in the Indian Ocean”.
Stating that “it is a fact that we (Indian Navy) would like to have more submarines”, the Rear Admiral denied that clearance for three SSBMs has been obtained. “That is our wish, it has not been cleared,” he said, adding that finance and infrastructure were major considerations.
He also made a mention of the Scorpene submarines, being developed at the Mazagaon docks, and said these are scheduled to be inducted from 2016. “We would be looking at inducting one submarine per year till we have six of them in the fleet.”
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PostPosted: Fri Feb 07, 2014 7:57 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

India's first indigenous n-submarine to operate from 2015

http://www.deccanherald.com/content/385060/indias-first-indigenous-n-submarine.html

India's first indigenous nuclear-powered attack submarine, INS Arihant, should be ready for deterrence patrols from 2015, roughly in about a year's time from now, its developers say.

India's top missile scientist, Avinash Chander, said the nuclear-tipped missiles were ready for installation and their integration would begin after some of the scheduled sea trials are over. The submarine is in its home port of Visakhapatnam now but should set course for the sea within a few weeks - by March - once its reactor achieves full power in the step-by-step process.

"All weapons are ready. INS Arihant is going through the steps of induction, and we are slowly raising the power to 100 per cent. After that, it will be ready to go to the sea. The process is a fairly elaborate exercise which will take several months. Once Arihant is in the sea, there has to be a trial phase of six to eight months," Chander told India Strategic magazine ahead of the DefExpo in New Delhi.
Chander, who is the Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister and also the Director General of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) which is leading India's quest for nuclear weapons requirements, observed that extreme care is needed in fully activating a new submarine's reactor to establish total safety parameters.

"It is the first baby we are nurturing," he said with optimistic caution.

Nuclear energy is amazing on the one hand as it can generate an endless supply of power and dangerous on the other if its production is not scientifically controlled and handled. The equipment on board a submarine and the men assigned to manage and handle it have to work in total sync and sensitivity. The margin for error is zero.

"So, it will be a careful, step-by-step operation and as soon as we are comfortable with the step-by-step established parameters, the submarine would set course for the sea for designated and pre-determined further trials," the distinguished scientist observed.

He said he did not want to put a time-frame but would expect it to "happen in a couple of months - say March".

Chander did not disclose details about INS Arihant's weapons, but it is understood that its four tubes are designed to launch 750-km range K-15 missiles and 3,500-km range K-4 missiles. Both these are nuclear tipped, capable of destroying any large city.

INS Arihant will carry 12 K-15 and four K-4 missiles. There is provision to launch non-nuclear tipped Brahmos supersonic cruise missile as well as the 1,000-km Nirbhay which can be configured for both nuclear and non-nuclear warheads, and has some loitering capability.

All these missiles have been tested successfully from underwater pontoons.

India is reportedly looking at three or four nuclear-propelled Arihant-class submarines and a larger number - 10 or 12 - of nuclear propelled attack submarines of a larger class. The latter, designated internationally as SSN boats, move fast along with Carrier Battle Groups (CBGs) while the nuclear armed boats like the Arihant, designated as SSBN, stay in hiding for three or four months as part of deterrence strategy. SSN boats carry submarine launched cruise missiles (SLCMs) like the Brahmos, or Nirbhay.

Technically, a nuclear boat can stay under water for very, very long periods but the limit to human endurance is generally put at about three months.

It may be noted that conventional diesel-electric boats can stay underwater for three days to a couple of weeks only, as they have to surface periodically to draw air to recharge their batteries.

The Indian Navy has some 45 vessels on order but at present, its submarine arm is very weak as the boats are old - acquired from mid-1980s - except for the nuclear-powered INS Chakra leased from Russia. INS Arihant has an 80 MW pressurised water reactor, based on Russian subs. Some of the crew trained by Russia for INS Chakra have reportedly been helping in the test procedures.

Notably, the navy is looking for three aircraft carriers in the coming years, and it is imperative to have nuclear-powered boats as part of the overall strategy. The carriers, which are like floating islands, themselves need 360 degree protection up, down, around and underwater and SSN boats are a basic requirement if a country goes in for CBGs.

Nuclear weapons can be launched from air, sea or land, and SSBN boats are hidden in ocean depths so that they can survive a nuclear attack by a hostile country, and then be able to take retaliatory action.

India has a declared No-First-Use (NFU) nuclear doctrine, which however promises massive punitive destruction in retaliation. Submarine-launched nuclear weapons are part of this strategy. Once INS Arihant is operational in 2015, India will then complete the nuclear triad of air, surface and underwater nuclear attack capability.

Nuclear weapons are under the tri-service Strategic Forces Command (SFC) and top level clearance is required from the government to launch them if ever needed.
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PostPosted: Wed Feb 12, 2014 12:39 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Russia Ready to Continue Overhaul of Indian Subs

http://en.ria.ru/military_news/20131213/185533448/Russia-Ready-to-Continue-Overhaul-of-Indian-Subs.html

MOSCOW, December 13 (RIA Novosti) – Russia’s Zvyozdochka shipyard said Friday that it could receive by mid-2015 at least two Indian Kilo-class diesel-electric submarines for an overhaul that would extend their service life for another 10 years.
“We are expecting the Indian side to deliver one or even two Project 877EKM (improved Kilo-class) submarines for repairs and upgrades with service life extension,” Zvyozdochka general director Vladimir Nikitin told RIA Novosti.
Russia has built 10 Kilo class submarines for India and has already overhauled five of them: INS Sindhuvir, INS Sindhuratna, INS Sindhughosh, INS Sindhuvijay and INS Sindhurakshak.
A fire on board the ill-fated Sindhurakshak in the port of Mumbai in April reportedly damaged the boat beyond repair, according to Indian navy sources.
The Indian Defense Ministry has not yet made a final decision about the future overhaul of its Russian-made Kilo-class submarines, although it has been considering fast-tracking a second midlife upgrade for the boats.
The upgrade program includes a complete overhaul of the vessels, including their hull structures, as well as improved control systems, sonar, electronic warfare systems and an integrated weapon control system. The upgrade is reported to cost about $80 million.
The overhauled Indian submarines are equipped with 3M-54 Club-S (SS-N-27) anti-ship cruise missiles, the Indian-developed USHUS sonar, the CCS-MK radio communications system and the Porpoise radar.
Russia's Kilo-class diesel-electric submarines are well-known for being extremely quiet boats, and have been purchased by China, India, Iran, Poland, Romania, Vietnam and Algeria.
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PostPosted: Wed Feb 26, 2014 8:35 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Seven Navy personnel injured, two missing in submarine mishap

Mumbai/New Delhi, Feb 26, 2014 PTI:

http://www.deccanherald.com/content/388537/seven-navy-personnel-injured-two.html

Seven Navy personnel were today injured and two officers unaccounted for in a mishap on board Russian-origin Kilo Class submarine INS Sindhuratna, 80 kms off the Mumbai coast.

Dense smoke filled the cabin of the submarine in the morning when Commodore Commanding Submarine (COMCOS), Western Command, was carrying out an inspection before it was to be cleared for operational duties, a Navy officer said.

"We immediately activated our emergency firefighting exercise and seven personnel who had inhaled smoke were airlifted to a hospital. Two officials are unaccounted for. They might have been left in the cabin or at some other place as various cabins and compartments are isolated as part of the emergency measures," he said.

The injured has been admitted to the naval hospital INS Ashwini.
The submarine was underwater when the incident occurred and was later brought to the surface. As many as 70-odd officers and men were on board at that time.

This is the tenth accident involving an Indian Navy warship and the third submarine mishap in the last seven months.

Sindhuratna had recently undergone a refit in Mumbai and was handed over to Navy in December. It was to undergo two exercises, one at harbour and another at sea, before it was to be given operational clearance. It was at 'Task 2 (exercise at sea)' when the mishap occurred.

Sources have attributed the incident to a leakage in the battery compartment.

They said a Board of Inquiry under a senior officer has been ordered to ascertain the reason behind the mishap.

Around a month ago, INS Sindhughosh had a close shave when it entered the Mumbai harbour during a low-tide phase and was about to run aground.

INS Sindhurakshak sank in the Mumbai harbour last year, killing all 18 personnel on board. Defence Minister AK Antony has sought a detailed report from the Navy on the issue.

Earlier this month, INS Airavat, an amphibious warfare vessel, ran aground after which the commanding officer was stripped of his command duties.

After the sinking of the INS Sindhurakshak, one of the mishaps involved INS Betwa which was damaged after probably hitting some underwater object.

India's leading minesweeper, the INS Konkan that was undergoing repairs in Vizag, caught fire and suffered major damage to its interiors. The Pondicherry-class minesweeper was getting a refit at a dry dock when the incident occurred.

The naval headquarters is concerned over the spate of mishaps in the Western Command and had even summoned Western Naval Commander Vice Admiral Shekhar Sinha on the issue.

Comment: Submarine is a dangerous offensive weapon. Handle it with great care!
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PostPosted: Fri Feb 28, 2014 1:32 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Under sea launch of desi missile : http://youtu.be/bpqjIZq9V_M
Indian Navy's Scorpenes: http://youtu.be/bpr53kEyQTY

10 accidents in 7 months ! http://www.rediff.com/news/slide-show/slide-show-1-defence-news-10-accidents-in-7-months-sinking-navy/20140227.htm
What’s wrong with desi Navy?

Comments: Perhaps deck hands are not adequately trained and hurriedly recruited! War ships and subs are complex machines. They should not be run by conscripts!
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PostPosted: Tue Mar 04, 2014 8:45 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Cable-fire-led-to-INS-Sindhuratna-mishap/articleshow/31359386.cms

They couldnt expedite the installation of new Exide batteries on the Sindhuratna ?? The Defence minister and MoD babus have the blood of the Navy soliders on their hands.
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PostPosted: Tue Mar 04, 2014 1:27 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

sabya99 wrote:

10 accidents in 7 months ! http://www.rediff.com/news/slide-show/slide-show-1-defence-news-10-accidents-in-7-months-sinking-navy/20140227.htm
What’s wrong with desi Navy?

Comments: Perhaps deck hands are not adequately trained and hurriedly recruited! War ships and subs are complex machines. They should not be run by conscripts!


Human errors, not machine related ones, are responsible for most of those accidents.

Propellers rubbing against the ground, collisions with jetties and fishing boats, submarines running aground, missing panels below the waterline following refit etc all point to bad handling, insufficient training and bad maintenance.


ssbmat wrote:
They couldnt expedite the installation of new Exide batteries on the Sindhuratna ?? The Defence minister and MoD babus have the blood of the Navy soliders on their hands.


Apparently the problem was with the cables and not with the batteries?

In any case, it is sad that the idiots in the ministry formulate rules without considering the operational consequences on the field. The babu who took the decision is probably a second class BA in sociology from a third rate college in the hindi belt, and not a technocrat who knows things about batteries and submarines.
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PostPosted: Tue Mar 04, 2014 9:29 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Sindhuratna fire due to faulty cable and batteries are fine. http://youtu.be/KHTLIgT_0EU
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PostPosted: Wed Mar 05, 2014 7:59 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Sindhuratna , an underground tragedy : http://www.rediff.com/news/slide-show/slide-show-1-defence-news-ins-sindhuratna-tale-of-an-underwater-tragedy/20140305.htm
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PostPosted: Thu Apr 10, 2014 7:54 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Top Navy officer may face court martial in submarine mishap

New Delhi, Apr 9, 2014, (PTI):

http://www.deccanherald.com/content/397925/top-navy-officer-may-face.html

A Commodore-rank officer may face a court martial on the basis of a probe into the submarine mishap off the Mumbai coast recently which led to the resignation of Admiral DK Joshi as Chief of Naval Staff.

Two officers had lost their lives in the mishap involving INS Sindhuratna on February 26 after which the Naval headquarters had ordered an inquiry which was conducted by a Board headed by Rear Admiral Sunil Bokhare.

On the basis of this inquiry, Western Naval Command is understood to have recommended to the headquarters court martial of an officer holding the position of a Commodore, equivalent to a Brigadier in the Army, sources said today. Two mid-ranking officers have also been recommended for being awarded "severe displeasure", they said.

The Commodore-rank officer was closely associated with the trials on board the Russian-origin Kilo Class submarine INS Sindhuratna which was undergoing trials off the coast of Mumbai, they said.
The report of the probe headed by Bokhare, who is the Flag Officer (Submarines), has been submitted by the Western Command with its recommendations to the Naval Headquarters here and it will be examined by the various branches of the force, the sources said.

The recommendations of the probe report and the Western Naval Command will have to be confirmed by the Naval Headquarters before any action is initiated against the officers, they said.

The probe report, according to sources, is also understood to have found out that the cable above the submarine's battery compartment which caught fire was not supposed to be checked by the Navy as per the instructions of the Russian vendors.

Joshi had resigned after the mishap involving the Sindhuratna taking moral responsibility for the ten accidents involving the maritime force’s assets.

The Sindhuratna is part navy’s fleet of nine Kilo class submarines. A tenth submarine--the INS Sindhurakshak--exploded and sank in the naval dockyard on August 14, 2013 killing 18 crewmen on board. The Sindhuratna was moored nearby and suffered minor fire damage when the Sindhurakshak exploded.

Meanwhile, the Eastern Navy Command has ordered a Board of Inquiry into the loss of a torpedo during trials off the Vishakhapatnam coast recently.

The inquiry is being done to put on record the loss of the trial torpedo being developed by Kazakhstan, Navy officials said
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